Hindawi is now a JATS4R participant

Hindawi is now a JATS4R participant | Hindawi Blog

Hindawi is excited to announce that we’re now JATS4R compliant and are listed as a participant on the website: http://jats4r.org

As a participant of JATS4R, Hindawi will further improve how we process, share and store your research.

A brief history of JATS4R

JATS4R (Journal Article Tag Suite for Reuse) is a project that creates standards and guidelines for publishers using eXtensible Markup Language (XML). JATS4R sets out standards of best practice for using XML – which is a mark up language, similar to HTML – to ensure it is readable by both machines and people.

XML enabled the transition of research articles that existed only on library shelves into an ever-increasing number of digital formats – wherein lies the issue that JATS4R aims to address.

A research article now needs to be readable from a tablet, a desktop, a mobile device and in multiple different formats, such as a full-text webpage, a PDF or as an abstract. It needs to be compatible with databases and repositories, so it can be automatically organized, stored and archived. Finally, when all that’s done, it may also need to be printed onto paper and physically shipped to a library.

XML allows this, but, it can cause problems if the elements (which contain information about the article) and attributes (which describe what the elements are) aren’t predictable for machines. JATS4R aims to create a standard set of best-practice tagging to favor reuse.

Following the JATS convention of 2014 held in Bethesda, MD, a call went out to form a dedicated working group to create these best practices. Much has been achieved since and the JATS4R homepage lists a number of other participant publishers.

The JATS4R working group aimed to address issues arising from the JATS standard. Since the original JATS standard wanted to encourage as many publishers as possible to migrate away from their own proprietary DTDs (a set of rules used when displaying XML) to use JATS, it was designed as a loose set of rules. This inclusive approach made the transition to JATS easier.

Hindawi was already using the JATS standard – what’s changed?

Hindawi XML has adhered to the JATS standard since 2012. At that time we also retrospectively updated the XML of all our articles published since 2008 to ensure that they were also compliant. However, JATS allows room for the same XML element to be tagged in several different ways. While this supports publishers migrating into JATS, it can still cause problems for machine systems (and humans!) to read, identify and reuse an element if different publishers tag the same piece of information or metadata differently.

JATS4R aims to eliminate this by creating a standard of tags that are consistent across publishers and are predictable for machines to read and reuse. ‘Machines’ here can mean search engines or archives, as well as other programs that researchers might use to analyze large volumes of articles.

With Hindawi XML now JATS4R compliant, content from our 250+ journals can be shared, stored, recalled and reused with even fewer obstacles across current and future platforms and media.

The text and images in this blog post are by Hindawi and are distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY).