Hindawi wants to make preparing and submitting articles as easy as possible. To avoid the need for you to reformat manuscripts when submitting, we do not require a particular layout or format. Similarly, you may use any citation style so long as you give the information necessary to find the cited article. Article layout and references are formatted by Hindawi staff after acceptance.
That said, some authors like to use a template to structure their article and so we provide an optional manuscript template for Research articles. This can remind authors of required headings (such as Data Availability and Funding Statement), and help them write in a way that provides flow between adjacent sections.
The template is not suitable for Reviews or Case Reports. Authors should always read the journal’s author guidelines for more specific requirements — a link to these can be found at the top left of the journal homepage.