Abstracting and Indexing

The importance of discoverability: discovery layers, ‘abstracting and indexing,’ and open repositories.

Hindawi’s publications appear in a wide range of abstracting and indexing databases. Different journals are listed in different databases. For a detailed breakdown of journals per repository, see our dedicated abstracting and indexing page.

Post-publication distribution of your research is one of the most important things we do at Hindawi. If your research is not discoverable, it cannot advance science, medicine, or society. A lack of discoverability has a negative impact on readership and future citations.

There are many ways in which we disseminate your research out to potential readers:

Publishing on Hindawi.com

All articles published in our journals are made available on Hindawi.com. They can be read, downloaded, and shared by any visitor to the site.

Visitors may discover articles by browsing the contents of a journal directly, from the results of a search engine, or from a shared link.

Hindawi’s also recognizes the increasing importance of text mining. We make all articles available in XML and also provide a full corpus download.

Search Engines

Hindawi’s article pages are optimized to perform well in search results. This makes your research available to readers from a wider range of backgrounds. Despite the existence of specialized research tools, readers still rely primarily on search engines like Google to discover relevant articles.

As our journals are Open Access publications, any visitor arriving at Hindawi.com can immediately access and read your work.

Discovery Engines

Many institutional libraries provide tools that allow users to search the journal output of multiple publishers.  Most of these services are built on commercial platforms such as EBSCO Discovery Service, Summon, or Primo.
All journals on Hindawi.com are indexed by each of these services, ensuring that your research is discoverable within an institutional setting.

Abstracting and Indexing Databases

Many researchers use abstract databases as curated discovery tools. These could be general multi-discipline databases such as Scopus or Web of Science, where coverage is broad but a selection process is employed based on journal quality (the main index of Web of Science contains only about 9,000 of the approximately 28,000 active scholarly peer-reviewed English-language journals). There are also subject-specific databases such as Embase (biomedical research), INSPEC (physics and engineering) or MEDLINE (medicine).  These databases select journals based on quality and compatibility with their respective scopes.

Hindawi works with many abstracting and indexing databases to ensure that our journals are included in both the general indices and the relevant subject-specific databases.

Full-Text Repositories

There are also a number of full text repositories, where research articles are made available in their entirety. The best known of these is PubMed Central (PMC), a free full-text archive run by the National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM).  Publishers are encouraged to deposit the full text of their published articles into PMC, where they are made freely available.

Many universities also run repositories to collect and showcase the material published by their researchers. These are mainly comprised of final manuscripts deposited by researchers, but often require significant management by institutional staff.

To help simplify this process and relieve the burden on researchers, Hindawi offers direct deposits into institutional repositories as part of the Hindawi Institutional Partnership Program. We also directly deposit all full-text articles from relevant journals into the PubMed Central database within two weeks of publication.


How does Open Access publishing relate to abstracting and indexing?

In the case of subscription-based journals, readers who discover an article via a repository search cannot read the paper in full, unless they have a subscription.

However, as Hindawi only publishes Open Access content, we work closely with the various database providers to ensure that the full text of your papers is made available through the leading abstracting and indexing services. This helps to ensure that your work can be read, used and cited by the widest possible audience.

While many people read your work on Hindawi.com, many more access and read it in their preferred environment.

Why is abstracting and indexing important to me as an author?

Having an article available in the leading content repositories and major search engines, greatly increases exposure, readership and citations.

“When deciding which journal to submit to, the abstracting and indexing services should be taken into consideration. See our guide to selecting the right journal for your research.

What are the most important databases?

The answer to this question will vary depending on your subject area and personal preferences. Inclusion in a specific, subject-focused index may be more important to you than inclusion in one of the ‘big’ databases.

Certain indexes only list articles from journals that meet specific criteria. Inclusion in these indexes can be seen as a ‘badge of honor’ for a journal.

Certain repositories are well known and used by the majority of researchers in their relevant field. An example of this is the NCBI’s PubMed which is renowned by researchers in the field of biomedicine. Nearly 200 of Hindawi’s journals are listed in PubMed.

The Web of Science (WoS) is an important resource because, in addition to offering article discovery, inclusion in the WoS’ Science Citation Index Expanded awards a journal with an Impact Factor. Hindawi currently has 171 journals included in all databases of the WoS.

Elsevier’s Scopus service also provides a comprehensive view of the available literature, indexing books alongside research articles. Nearly 200 of Hindawi’s journals are indexed in Scopus.